I. Analyse the following sentences:
1. He threw up the window and leaned out. 2. What a night to wander out in! 3. Dusk had gathered thick. 4. Regular gipsy type, those boys. 5. Would you put us up? 6. I saw a muscle jump in his skinny jaw. 7. Insert yesterday's homework in the proper slot. 8. One morning Jem and I found a load of stovewood in the back yard.
II. Point out the kind of object:
1. She would set me a writing task. 2. Margie wanted to read about those funny schools. 3. Tommy looked at her with very superior eyes.
4. The mechanical teacher began the lesson by asking Margie to insert yesterday's homework in the proper slot. 5. He has not taught me anything. 6. Hours of wintertime had found me looking over at the school. 7. I think the geography sector was geared a little too quick. 8. "I had her educated" said Hope.
III. Point out the attributes and state what they are expressed by:
1. The County Inspector was a round little man with a red face and a whole box of tools with dials and wires. 2. The part Margie hated most was the slot where she had to put homework and test papers. 3. It was a matter to be discussed with Tommy. 4. The Inspector patted Margie's head. 5. Reading was something that just came to me. 6. Margie's grandfather once said that when he was a little boy his grandfather told him that there was a time when all stories were printed on paper. 7. He had on neatly mende4 overalls. 8. It was a time-honoured method of sealing oral contracts. 9. According to their map they had still some seven miles to go. 10. He was conscious of a girl coming down from the common just above them. 11. She had a quick, dark eye, like a mother wild-duck's. 12. Passing through a porch made by two yew trees, the girl disappeared into the house. 13. He heard another voice, crisp one and soft - the girl's, putting the children to bed, no doubt. 14. The idea of her brother's having followed the beaten track was very unpleasant to her. 15. A long narrow table of plain wood was set with bowls and spoons.
IV. Paraphrase the following sentences so as to use a complex object. M о d e 1 : He finds it useful to copy texts.
1. Tommy felt it was his duty to explain everything to Margie. 2. He believed that it was worth tell ing Margie. 3. I find that it is unnecessary to complain. 4. He thought that it was ridiculous of his sister to embarrass him with references to his private life. 5. I consider that it was a mistake her going there alone.
V. Change the following sentences, using the inverted word-order:
1. Margie's surprise when she knew that a man could be a teacher was great. 2. She had never before folt so surprised. 3. She tried to understand something, but in vain. 4. Margie knew little about old school. 5. They had hardly finished the conversation when Margie's mother called, "Margie! School!" 6. Margie's eyebrows went up. "Not yet, Mamma," she said. 7. The girl's look was severe. 8. Though the little girl was very young she could read and write quite well.
VI. Apply the following statements either to a new or to the same subject.
Model: Margie was eleven.- So was her friend.
Margie did not like her mechanical teacher.- Neither did Tommy.
You’d better help your little sister.- So I will.
It isn't cold today.- No, it isn't.
1. Tommy looked at Margie with very superior eyes. 2. I am so fond of reading! 3. Margie wanted to read about those funny schools. 4. I'm not going to tell you the story of my life. 5. Tommy walked away, whistling. 6. It's not a very good book, I'm afraid. 7. He does not want me to read to him. 8. I don't want dinner, in fact. 9. Margie was younger than Tommy. 10. The County Inspector took the mechanical teacher apart. 11. He won't take his pineapple juice today. 12. It is too late to go there now, I suppose.
VII. Translate the sentences into English:
1. Чем больше они вмешивались в его дела, тем больше он сердился. 2. Чем быстрее вы заявите о своем приезде, тем лучше. 3. Чем больше он настаивал на этом, тем меньше это им нравилось. 4. Чем глубже он вникал в существо дела, тем яснее становилась ему ситуация. 5. Чем короче день, тем длиннее ночь. 6. Чем точнее вы будете формулировать свои мысли, тем лучше вас будут понимать. 7. Чем скорее дети поедят, тем скорее они пойдут на прогулку. 8. Чем быстрее вы выполните его указания, тем раньше вы освободитесь. 9. Чем больше он ходил взад и вперед по улице, тем подозрительнее он казался полицейскому. 10. Чем скорее вы возьмете себя в руки, тем будет лучше для всех.
VIII. Fill in the appropriate word:
1. Tommy is two years ... than Margie/ (older, elder) 2. "It is one of his days, Mother," said the ... son. (older, elder). 3. A mother often has an especial feeling for her ... son. (oldest, eldest). 4. His parents and his three ... children were assembled for luncheon, (oldest, eldest) 5. Joan, the ... of the Browns' children, a girl of eighteen, stood beside him. (oldest, eldest) 6. He is the ... professor in our Institute, (oldest, eldest)
IX. Analyse the italicized pronouns and state whether they are relative, conjunctive or interrogative:
1. He said he would show us what could be done up the river in the way of cooking. 2. If Idris had stopped off, he'd have missed his milk, which is doing him such a lot of good. 3. I don't actually know who he is by birth. 4. What shall I do to make the chair steady? 5. Her hair was drawn straight back from her forehead which helped to give her an older look. 6. That is what I meant. 7. Who gave you the right to interfere in my affairs? 8. He has copied one letter from the other. I. don't know which was the original, 9. What you want is change of air and complete relaxation. 10. Corresponding to her room was that of father, who was given the largest bedroom. 11. Whose composition is this? 12. He came late, which made his mother angry. 13. My brother, whom I have not seen for a year, has just returned to Moscow. 14. Which of you two young ladies is Mrs Smith?
X. Fill in conjunctive or relative pronouns:
1. He is a person ... always talks about other people's affairs. 2. Milk is all . ,, we need to nourish a small baby. 3. That's the boy in ...
garden we were playing yesterday. 4. He. pointed to the statue on ... lay patches of snow. 5. I must reflect upon ... answer to make. 6. I glanced over the notes ... I had made. 7. ... the old traveller reported was often imaginary. 8. Is that the teacher to ... we spoke yesterday? 9. Nobody ... understands a joke would say such a thing. 10. The job turned out to be the biggest thing of its kind ... I had ever been in. 11. He denied the truth of ... they said. 12. The man ... we met yesterday is standing near the Dean's office. 13. May I ask you then ... you advise me to do? 14. ... could you be? A nurse or a typist? 15. I wondered to ... extent this actress was sincere or putting on an act. 16. ... he said took me completely by surprise. 17. That is ... I can't tell you.
XI. Omit the relative pronouns where possible:
1. For other breakfast things George suggested eggs and bacon which were easy to cook, cold meat, tea, bread and butter, and jam. 2. He repeated the conversation that he had heard word by word. 3. This is the book which I was speaking of. 4. I wonder if there is anything that can shake his confidence a bit. 5. Any paper that you have will do. 6. It was the hottest place that I had ever been in. 7. That's all that can be said about this book. 8. The house in which he lives is not far from here. 9. I said nothing, which made him angry.
XII. Translate the following sentences into English:
1. Спускавшаяся с горы девушка поразила их своей красотой. 2. Он поднял упавшую игрушку и дал ее ребенку. 3. Эта система обучения, отнявшая так много сил и времени, оказалась несостоятельной. 4. Вид накрываемorо стола заставил меня почувствовать голод. 5. Полученные в тот день известия глубоко поразили его. 6. Вы можете найти статью, на которую так часто ссылаются, в последнем номере этого журнала. 7. Перемены, которых так долго ждали и так горячо желали, наконец произошли.
XIII. Replace the infinitives in brackets by the appropriate form of the verb (person and number):
1. Eighty-five (to be) a lucky number. 2. Another five minutes (to go by - Pres. Indef.) while he reckons to look it over. 3. Her hair (to be) drawn straight back from her forehead, which helped to give her an older look. 4. Gossiping and lying (to go - Pres. Indef.) hand in hand. 5. Young people (to be) the backbone of the country. 6. It (to be) ten miles there and back. 7. The number of mistakes (to determine) the mark you receive in an examination. 8. The Soviet Union (to do) a lot of trade with other countries. 9. "It (to be) you who (to be talking)," said Nick. 10. Everything (to seem) too much for you. 11. Nothing of consequence (to occur) today. 12. "(To be) the police ready?" he asked. 13. Mr. Brown as well as his sons (to come) home already. 14. Mr. Brown and his son (to be) at home already.