Unit one

Ex. XV, p. 24

1. I wish I could buy that dictionary. But they say it is sold out. 2. I wish there was a telephone here. 3. I wish we lived in the same house. 4. In the evening it started to rain heavily. I wished I had taken my umbrella! "5. She must be waiting for us at the entrance of the Institute. 6. He can't have forgotten about our meeting. Something must have happened. He may have missed the bus. 7. Can he have said that to you? You must have misunderstood him (evidently you did not understand him). 8. If he is not here, he must be working at the library. 9. She must have gone to the station to see her mother off. 10. Evidently he did not follow his friends' advice and went there alone. 11. Evidently he told her nothing. 12. Evidently nobody noticed her leave the room. 13. Last winter I used to spend every evening at the library. 14. She used to call on us every evening when she was in Moscow. 15. Now that your parents are away, you'll have to take care of your sister. 16. Now that I have told you everything, it will be easier for us to decide what to do.

Ex. XXI, p. 27

1. Becky could not help bursting into tears when she learned that they had lost their way in the cave (when they had got lost in the cave). "I wish I hadn't come with you, Tom," she said, crying. - "Pull yourself together, Becky! They'll soon find us. They must be looking for us already."

On the third day, when the children had lost all hope of getting out of the cave Tom saw daylight.

Aunt Polly could not help feeling proud of Tom. It was he who had saved Becky.

2. When Mrs. Pearce showed Eliza into his study Higgins could not help being surprised to see the flower girl with whom he had -talked the previous day. "What did she come for, I wonder? Oh, she must have decided to take English lessons from me!" The thought amazed him so much (seemed so funny) that he couldn't help bursting into laughter.

3. Pickering suggested that Higgins should teach Eliza to speak correct English. He even offered to pay all the expenses of her education.

4. Mrs. Higgins could not help sympathizing (could not but sympathize) with Eliza when she learned what had happened in Higgins' house. "Don't cry, Eliza," she said. "Pull yourself together. Remember, you used to rely only on yourself. Now that you can speak good English, you have every opportunity to become independent again and earn a better living."

5. Father Cardi shook hands with Arthur and began to ask him questions about his studies at the University. "I'm sure you'll live up to Montanelli's recommendation," said Cardi. "Now that he is away, we'll see a lot cf each other. 1 hope we'll make friends. Come next Friday. I'll be waiting for you." With .these words he dismissed Arthur.

Revision, p. 31

1. Molly had already been out of work for six months. She had lost all hope of finding anything suitable when she was offered the post of (a) teacher (a post as-(a) teacher) in a small village school. Molly accepted the offer without the slightest hesitation and the next day she went to the village. There was nobody to see her off at the station, so she got on the train at once and sat down by a window.

2. When Molly got off the train, she saw that nobody was waiting for her at .the station. "Mr. Whiteside must have forgotten about me," she thought. She wished


she had sent him a telegram. It would have saved her a lot of trouble. Now there was nothing she could do but go to the village school alone.

3. Suddenly a young man came over to Molly and asked if he could help her in any way. Molly had no intention of getting into conversation with a stranger, but there was something so kind and sincere about him that she couldn't help telling him about her troubles. The young man offered to drive Molly to Mr. Whiteside's place. After some hesitation Molly agreed.

4. As Molly approached Mr. Whiteside's house, she grew more and more nervous. She was afraid of making a poor impression on him. For quite a while she stood in front of his door, but then pulled herself together and rang the bell. A tall elderly woman opened the door. It was Mrs. "Whiteside. She showed Molly into her husband's study and introduced her.

5. Mr. Whiteside rose to shake hands with Molly. "Sit down, please," he said. Molly saw a bright watchful face and dark lively eyes. His voice sounded gentle. Mr. Whiteside saw that the girl was scared (was Very frightened) and he couldn't help sympathizing with her. He wished he could cheer her up, but he did not know how to do it. "Miss Morgan," he said at last, "tell me about yourself."

6. "Our family was very poor," Molly began timidly. "We could hardly make both ends meet. When Mother died, we had no money at all. A rich lady offered me a living-in job in her house as a servant. I worked practically for nothing, just for a place to sleep and eat, but I was able to attend classes in the evening. I dreamed of becoming a teacher. Whatever job I did, I used to say to myself, 'One day I'm going to be a teacher.' "

7. "It took me a long time to find a job after graduating from college." Molly checked herself, looked at Mr. Whiteside and asked in a low voice, "You'll take me on, won't you?" - "Certainly, Miss Morgan. We'll take you on. And now go and have a rest. You must be tired." Molly didn't expect to be dismissed so soon. She got up irresolutely and went to the door.

Unit two

Ex. XV, p. 49

1. H he had followed your advice (taken your advice) he would not have had an accident. 2. When do you think of coming to Moscow? If I knew it now, I would order tickets for the theatre for you in advance. 3. If We had left the house five minutes earlier, we would have caught the ten-o'clock train and would be now approaching Moscow. 4. I'm sure you know the rule. If you were not so careless, you would not have made this mistake in the translation. 5. We would have spent the whole day out in the country last Sunday if the weather had not been so bad. 6. If I had known you would come, I would have stayed at home. (If I knew that you would come, I would stay at home.) 7. What would you have answered if he had asked you about it (what would you answer if he asked you about it)? 8. By seven o'clock everybody had gathered in the hall and was waiting for the meeting to begin. 9. I must have my tooth out. I've been suffering from toothache for a week. 10. The boy waited for a long time for somebody to open the door. 11. Yesterday I had my TV set repaired. 12. I do not expect them earlier than on Monday. 13. Why not have your hair done? When did you last have your hair cut? 14. Where can I have my suit cleaned? 15. The fence wants (needs) whitewashing. 16. The dress wants (needs) washing. 17. Your shoes want (need) polishing. 18. Do you want this article translated? Why not ask Ann to do it, she knows French very well. 19. What prevented you from ccming to see us last night? 20. I am thinking of taking a trip down the Volga this year. 21. The boys locked forward to running away to Jackson's Island. They dreamed of being pirates. 22. He insisted on leaving immediately.

Ex. XXII, p. 53

1. Kerni couldn't help being surprised to hear the door bell. He did not expect anybody at such a late hour. He had just finished his work and wanted to go to bed. That day he had been working since morning. 2. Quite by chance the Invisible Man found himself near Kemp's house. He was hungry and was in great pain (was


suffering) from the wound he had got in the fight with the villagers of Iping (with the people of Iping). 3. Kemp was astonished to discover that the Invisible Man was in his house. 4. "I intended to leave the place," said Griffin, "but now that I have found you, I would (should) very much like to work together with you ... I have brilliant plans, but I'm absolutely broke ..." 5. Kemp understood that if he accepted Griffin's proposal he would also have an opportunity to work at the problem of invisibility ... 6. Though Kemp was scared, he tried to keep his presence of mind. "How did you manage to become invisible?" he asked in a quiet steady voice as if nothing had happened. 7. "You are doubtless familiar with the works of Professor X. He made wonderful discoveries. But I went further," the Invisible Man began, but checked himself ... Kemp felt that Griffin was very agitated and could hardly control himself, but somehow he did not feel any sympathy for him. 8. Kemp had no doubt that Griffin was telling him the truth, and yet all that he was saying seemed incredible. "If I had not met Griffin in my house, I would never have believed that there was an invisible man in the world," he'thought. 9. "Now that you know my secret, you won't refuse to work with me," said Griffin. "Nothing will prevent us from making new discoveries." 10. Kemp suggested that Griffin should stay in his house for the night. The Invisible Man could not get to sleep for a long time that night.

Revision (Units One, Two), p. 57

Ex. I, p. 57

1. "I'd like to have these documents typed." - "All right, leave the documents with the secretary." 2. "Why is there a light in his room? He can't still be working."- "He must have forgotten to switch it off when he was leaving." 3. I've been looking for the house for a quarter of an hour already, but I can't find it anywhere. She must have given me the wrong address. She can't have done it; on purpose. She must have done it by mistake. 4. She can't have gone home. She must be waiting for us somewhere in the Institute. If she had decided to leave, she would have left a message for me with the secretary. 5. I must have my watch repaired. It stops now and then. 6. Your skirt needs pressing. 7. I must have my coat cleaned. 8. He can't have forgotten about the meeting. He may not have received your letter. 9. "None of them rang us up yesterday. Can they have left Moscow?" - "They can't have le;ft without saying good-bye to us." 10. I wish I were (was) in Leningrad now. 11. How he wished he could drive a car! 12. He wished he had asked for her telephone number. If he had known it, he would have rung her up. 13. He wished they would visit him. 14. Can he have refused to go there? 15. This house must have been built at the beginning of the century. 16. The weather was good and Nick suggested we walk to the station. 17. I would be very grateful if Nick offered to drive me to the station, it is raining so hard. 18. I have no doubt (I don't doubt) that we'll persuade him to stay with us for a few mare days. 19. She tried to convince him that it was necessary to go there immediately. 20. I've serious doubts whether somebody can finish the work today. 21. Victor had been under treatment for two months when at last he felt better.

Ex. II, p. 57

1. Mr. Butt was a fussy old man and a great bore. His friends tried to avoid him as he was in the habit of offering them his help (in the habit of offering to help them) which was not wanted (which they never asked for). Some of them even tried to cure Mr. Butt of his bad habit, but all their efforts were in vain. "I'd feel miserable if my friends refused my help," Mr. Butt would repeat.

2. Late one night I met Mr. Butt in the street. He was hurrying somewhere. He said he was going to a certain Mr. Jones, the son of an old friend of his. I tried to persuade Mr. Butt to put off his visit till the morning. "They're sure to be asleep already. You'd better leave it till the morning." But Mr. Butt wouldn't hear of it. "Fred and his wife moved to our town only this week. I'm sure they have not made friends with anybody yet and are in need of help... I would have visited them yesterday if I had known they were here..."With these words he hurried away (hurried

"I wonder what the Joneses will think of such a late visitor. If I were them I wbuldn't let in that fussy old fellow," I said to myself.


3. Fred and Betty had just gone to sleep when there was a loud knock at the; door. Fred opened the door and was astonished to see Mr. Butt in the doorway. However, he could do nothing (there was nothing he could do) but invite him in. The room was in great disorder. The Joneses had had no (had not yet had) time to unpack all their things. Mr. Butt immediately offered them his help (offered to help them). He said he would come again in the morning. No matter how hard the Joneses tried to persuade him not to do it, he wouldn't listen (the Joneses tried in vain to persuade him not to do so, but he wouldn't listen).

4. Mr. Butt came to their place every day for a month, and Betty was in despair. "I wish we had not come to this awful town!" she exclaimed, over and over again. "If we had stayed at my parenls', we would never have met him ..."

There seemed no hope of getting rid of the old fusspot. One day driven to despair Betty suggested they move to another town or go back to her parents, but Fred did not agree. Suddenly an idea occurred to her. "Let's try to persuade him to go for a holiday somewhere."

"That's a brilliant idea!" exclaimed Fred, brightening. "We'll tell him that he does not look well and needs a good rest and medical treatment. We can even suggest a definite resort ..." And he produced (took out) a map to find some remote comer. "And what if he refuses?"

5. For a long time Fred and Betty tried to convince Mr. Butt that he was in need of (needed) a good rest. At last he gave in. That was luck. Not a minute had passed before he said: "Look here, my friends. Although I am persuaded (convinced) that I really need a thorough rest, I can't afford this luxury ..."

"But the luxury won't cost you anything. We're offering to pay all the expenses of your holiday ..."Mr. Butt stared at them in amazement. He couldn't utter a word. When he recovered he said: "Thank you very much, my dear friends. I'll return healthy and strong, I'll be helping you again ..."

Unit Three

Ex. XIV, p. 73

1. I'd better go to the station without waiting for Victor. There are only fifteen minutes left before the train starts. 2. You'd better go to a dentist immediately (see a dentist) before you have complications. 3. I don't feel well today. I'd rather stay at home. Go without me. 4. He'd better ring them up at once, otherwise (or else) it will be too late. 5. "Do you mind my smoking here?" - "You'd better smoke in the corridor." 6. I'd rather wait for the next bus. This one is overcrowded. 7. I'd better leave if you are going to speak to me like that. 8. We'd better not talk (stop talking) on this subject, otherwise we'll quarrel. 9. Professor Fox, head of the laboratory, was a famous physicist, a Nobel Prize winner. 10. You'd better ask Comrade Petrov about it. He was chairman of the commission which studied the problem. 11. "Meet Doctor Larin, head of the delegation." - "Glad to meet you. Meet my colleagues: this is Mr. Smith, chairman of the friendship society; this is Mrs. Harper, secretary of the preparatory committee." 12. "Who do you think will be chairman of the meeting?" - "I have no idea. I only know, that the report will be made by the dire:tor of our plant."

Ex. XIX, p. 75

1. Martin could no longer read. He felt faint with fatigue. He turned off the light and fell into a heavy sleep. 2. Tom and Huck hid behind the bushes and waited for the tavern door to open. At last the door opened and out came none other than Injun Joe. That was luck! At last they had found out (discovered) where Joe had been hiding all the time! 3. What the boys saw in the old house surpassed their wildest expectations. It turned out that the treasure which they had been hunting for for a whole week lay right under their very nose. 4. At last David reached the house of his aunt, Miss Betsy Trotwood, he felt faint with hunger and fatigue. 5. Crane taught Katrina singing and he always received a warm welcome at Van Tassel's house. 6. Though Crane had a lot of rivals, he didn't lose heart. Old Van Tassel was a kind man and easy to deal with. Crane thought he would have no difficulty in persuading the old to marry his daughter to him. 7. Crane had never


been a brave man. No wonder he fainted when he saw the headless horseman in front of him. When Crane came to, there was nobody around. "Can I have imagined all this?" thought the unfortunate teacher. 8. "I hope you'll stay in London for some more time?" asked Sir Robert. "It all depends," Mrs. Cheveley answered. "I know I'm not a welcome guest at your house, but I won't leave until I persuade you to support my plan." 9. Lord Goring advised Sir Robert to make inquiries about Mrs. Cheveley. "We've got to take every precaution to prevent Mrs. Cheveley from publishing the letter."

Revision (Units One-Three), p. 79

Ex. II b), p. 79

1. "We must be driving in the wrong direction. The places are not familiar to me. Can the driver have lost his way?" - "I don't think so. He must have taken another route which is not familiar to us. We'd better ask him where he's driving to. He may not have understood us." 2. Before Mrs. Clowes went to the new dentist, she made inquiries about his qualifications. On inquiry she decided that he was the very man she needed. 3. Mr. Cowlishaw suggested filling the tooth. She insisted on having it out. Mr. Cowlishaw felt that she was a difficult person to deal with. 4. Mr. Cowlishaw said he had had a lot of experience in taking out teeth, but Mrs. Clowes had grave doubts about it. However, she could do nothing but resume her seat in the chair and hope for the best. Mr. Cowlishaw told her to hold tight to the chair. Mrs. Clowes was scared. However, she pulled herself together. 5. It was Mr. Cowlishaw who fainted from nervous excitement. It took him a long time to come to.

Ex. HI, p. 80


1. Sam showed (conducted) Mr. Pickwick to his room. "Here's your room, sir. If you need something (anything), call me, sir."

The room was warm and cosy. There was a bright fire (a bright fire was burning) in the grate. No doubt Mr. Pickwick would have spent a quiet night there if nothing, had happened. But this is what happened.

In the inn Mr. Pickwick had met his old friends. They had had a wonderful time together, and Mr. Pickwick was in a good mood. On entering (when he came to) his room he discovered that he had left his watch downstairs, in the parlour, where he had spent such a pleasant evening. "I wish I were not so absent-minded," he thought. For a moment he hesitated whether he should go downstairs at once cr wait till morning (came). "I'd better go immediately," he decided.

It was his favourite watch and he never parted with it. He liked to hear it tick by him. If Mr. Pickwick had known what he would have to go through he would not have gone to the parlour alone; he would have called his servant.

2. The thing was that the inn was famous for its long and gloomy passages. 'Anyone who came to stay at it had difficulty in finding his own room on the first day. Naturally Mr. Pickwick lost his way in the passages the moment he left his room. No matter how hard Mr. Pickwick tried to remember the way he had taken to get to his room after supper, his efforts were in vain (Mr. Pickwick tried in vain to remember the way ...'). "I wish I had called Sam. If I had done so, it would have saved me a lot of trouble." He was in panic. On top of that his candle went out and Mr. Pickwick found himself in complete darkness.

3. Quite by chance he stumbled (came) upon the parlour. The watch lay where he had left it.

His way back to his room was like a nightmare. In one of the passages he saw a door which was ajar. The door seemed familiar to him. He entered. Without doubt it was his room. He went over to the bed and began to undress. You can well imagine his horror when a minute later he saw somebody carrying a candle enter the room! He nearly fainted when he saw that there was a woman in the room. "I wonder what she is doing here," thought Mr. Pickwick, looking.out from behind the curtains of the bed. "I should have locked (I wish I had locked) the door. I wish


I were not so absent-minded," he said again. It did not even occur to him that he had got (might have got) into another person's room (into the wrong room).

4. The woman pointed to the door and demanded that he should leave the room immediately. Mr. Pickwick understood nothing. "What does she mean? Why does she insist that I should leave my own room?" Then he said in a firm voice, "I won't. I'd rather (I prefer to) stay here!"

"What! What did you say?!" she screamed with indignation. "I'll call the landlord." Only now did Mr. Pickwick understand that he had got into another person's room. Mr. Pickwick apologized: "I hope that you will not tell anyone of what has happened ..." - "It all depends ..." said the woman, slamming the door in his face.

5. There is no doubt that Mr. Pickwick would have wandered about the passages all night long (the whole night) if it had not been for Sam, who for some reason (for no apparent reason) had made up his mind to see what his master was doing. To his astonishment he saw Mr. Pickwick slowly creeping along a passage in the dark holding on to the wall. "What are you doing/sir?" - "Oh, is that you, Sam? Thank goodness, I have met you. I lost my way in these awful passages," Mr. Pickwick took hold (caught hold) of Sam's hand and did not let it go until they came to his room. The night's adventure (incident) had such an effect upon Mr. Pickwick that the poor gentleman did not have a wink of sleep lhat night (did not sleep a wink that night).

Unit Four

Ex. VII. p. 98

1. You needn't have gone to the railway station. I would have booked the tickets by phone. 2. I did not have to go to the railway station - my brother booked .the tickets by phone. 3. You needn't come tomorrow. Your request will be discussed on Wednesday. 4. I didn't have to explain anything to him. He knows this kind of work very well. 5. You don't have to wait till the doctor is back. He has left your prescription with me. Here it is. 6. Is there any need to drive (need we drive) there? The road there is not interesting. I should think it would be better to go by train. 7. You needn't worry, I am sure nothing serious has happened. 8. I didn't have to remind him of the meeting. He rang me up and asked where it was to be held. 9. He doesn't have to do everything himself. We would (should) be glad to help him. 10. You needn't have copied the text. I would have been happy to type it for you. 11. I should suggest putting off the excursion till Sunday. 12. "How old do you think he is?" - "I would (should) say about forty." 13. Ask your friend to come over to us. He would help us with the translation and then we might (could) play chess. 14. Yesterday I would have gone to the theatre. But today I'm busy. 15. I would have accepted their offer. I don't understand why you refused.

Ex. XI, p. 112

1. Put the message (the note) on the table so that it can be seen at once (they can see it at once). 2. He closed the door so that nobody could (should) overhear them. 3. The teacher repeated the rule so that everybody could get (write, put) it down. 4. I went to my room so that I shouldn't be disturbed while I studied. 5. He said he would write to both of them so that neither (of them) should complain. 6. He moved (stepped) aside so that everybody could see what was written on the blackboard. 7. 1 refused every invitation so that I could meet him on Saturday. 8. Let's walk slower so that they can catch up with us. 9. A young man came to, see you. He said he was a school-mate of yours. 10. A friend of mine rang me up yesterday. He had just come back from his trip to Siberia. 11. I was annoyed by that remark of hers. 12. That boy of theirs has broken one of our windows again. 13. In the centre of New York Jeff came face to face with an old enemy of his family. 14. He repeated the conversation he had had with you word for word. 15. For two years I worked side by side with him.

Ex. XIV, p. 114

1. Griffin had worked (had been working) at the problem of invisibility for no more than two years when he hit upon a solution. 2. At first Mrs. Hall doubted . whether she should let the stranger in. But he said he would pay ki advance and


it settled the matter. 3. The stranger must have decided to settle in Ipinp, because the next day he asked for his luggage to be sent to him at the inn. 4. The stranger must have been out of touch with all his friends (had not kept in touch with his friends) as he never received any letters. 5. Mrs. Hall got on Griffin's nerves (Griffin was annoyed with Mrs. Hall). She kept bothering him with silly questions. 6. "Excuse me for bothering you, but the clock in your room needs repairing (I must have the clock in your room repaired)," she said. - "I wish you would not disturb me while I am at work (while I'm working)," he said irritably. 7. The newcomer's strange behaviour began to get on Mrs. Hall's nerves. The mere fact that she did not know his name disturbed her peace of mind (worried her). She was always annoyed when somebody asked her about her newcomer's name and occupation. "I'll bet he is a criminal who is hiding from the police," said Teddy Henfrey, the watchmaker. "If I were you I would get in touch with the police." - "It's none of your business," Mrs. Hall cut him short. "I won't have anybody saying bad things (speaking badly) about my lodger." But Teddy Henfrey stuck to his opinion. 8. A few weeks later Mrs. Hall wished she had not let him into her inn. "We'll have to put up with him as long as he pays his bills," Mr. Hall said. "We can't afford to ignore su:h a rich visitor (guest)." Mrs. Hall wished she could ask him to move to another inn, but she had no courage to do so. 9. Legran settled on the island soon after he retired. I never lost touch with him and from time to time visited him on the island. I always received a hearty welcome. Legran used to take me round the island and talk in great detail about his discoveries In spite of the fact that he rarely came to New York, Legran kept in touch with events (was in touch with everything) in the city. 10. Mr. Saintsbury held out a few pages to Charlie and said, "Here's the part of Sammy. It is the most important part in the play." Charlie's heart sank at the thought that he might be asked to read it there and then. What excuse would he offer? He could not afford to tell them that he was almost unable to read. To Charlie's great relief, Mr. Saintsbury said, "Go home and learn the part by heart, word for word." "I'll bet that boy will bring fame to our theatre!" Mr. Saintsbury exclaimed when Charlie left them. Charlie told his brother in detail what had happened to him at the theatrical agency. 11. Tom had a rich imagination and he always knew how to amuse himself. 12. Last year we seldom entertained. Father did not feel well.

Revision (Units One-Four), p. 119

1. Thacker was well over fifty when an incident occurred which could have changed his whole life. One day a young man came to the consulate. He looked like a Spaniard. He stood still in the doorway for a minute or two as if considering something. "Good morning! Come in, please," Thacker said. "What can I do for you?" - "I think you can help me," the young man said. "My name is Dalton, Mr. Dalton, but you know it sounds funny to me to hear it. They simply call me the Kid. I've just come from Texas ..."

2. After hearing Dalton's story Thacker said: "Would you like a job?" - "What kind of job?" - "To make a fortune overnight and get away with it ..." - "It sounds inviting, but I'd like to hear the details ..."

3. "You could easily pass for Don Urique's son. The boy disappeared many years ago, but the parents have never lost hope of finding him. You and Don Urique's son are amazingly alike. You only need (to have) a tattoo on your left hand ... Don Urique is very rich. You'll steal the money from his safe and we'll get out of here at once. How does the scheme strike you?" - "It strikes me as somewhat risky (dangerous)... I've had no experience in acting, but no doubt the plan is original. I'll have a go." - "It's settled then," Thacker said, brightening.

4. "You must stick to our story, otherwise we'll lose the game," Thacker said and added with a smile, "I hope the local climate won't disagree with you ... Now about some details. When your tattoo heals up I'll get in touch with Don Urique. The consulate, I suppose, is the most suitable place for the meeting, and you'd better not go about the town so that no one should suspect anything."

5. Thacker hoped that the Kid would stick to his promise and would do his job ,at the first opportunity. However, the days went by and the Kid did not appear. He sent for the young man several times, but in vain. The young man kept silent.


6. One day he called on Tha:ker at the consulate. "You needn't have sent for me so many times," he said coldly. - "But we'll lose our game if we don't stick together," Thacker said, and added mockingly, "Friends should stick together, shouldn't they?" The Kid stared at him in silence. "Well, let's have the matter out!" Thacker controlled himself with difficulty. "Have you changed your mind? Or ... are you going to say that the key to the safe sticks?" - "Not at all," said the_Kid abruptly. "The thing is this, I can't leave my 'mother' childless again. She II die of grief." - "Traitor!" exclaimed Thacker, trembling with indignation. ' 1 won't have that conduct from you ..." - "And I won't have you talking to me like this. I'm the son of Don Urique and I'll have nothing to do With you ..."

7. Thacker was struck dumb. The Kid's impudence was beyond the limit. For a while hz stood staring at the young man in amazement. Nobody knows what would have happened if the voice of Donna Urique had not broken the silence. "Where are you, my dear son?" - "Mr. Thacker, I advise you to keep your mouth shut. That will be much better for you than to be killed ... by accident." said the Kid, making for the door.

Unit Six

Ex. IX, p. 145

1. She should not remind him of his (this) mistake. It was so long ago. 2. I'm sorry you didn't come to see him off. You should have put off everything. 3. You should not have told him the news. He is very upset now. 4. I'm sorry, I ought not to have said that. 5. She must be angry with me. I should not have spoken to her so sharply. 6. I knocked several times before he let me in. "Why were you slow in opening the door?" I asked. 7. Our teacher happened to be passing at that moment. 8. I happen to know the man. 9. How did you happen to get lost (to lose your way) yesterday? 10. You seem to know everybody here. 11. He seems to like his profession. 12. John might have stayed at home and spent the evening with his wife, but he went to see his friends just the same. 13. "You might offer me a chair." -"Oh, I'm so sorry." 14. You might have warned me beforehand. I would have come earlier. 15. "They might have given me that watchman's job. They gave it to someone else."

Ex. XII, p. 147

1. "You must be very careful at work and not break the rules (any rules)," the foreman said to Carrie. "If you are not quick enough, you may injure your fingers." 2. Day had broken but Carrie could not get to sleep (could not sleep). She had a headache and she was shivering all over. The weather had been cold and wet all week long (the whole week) and she had no suitable clothes. No wonder she had caught a cold. "I'd better stay at home. I'm quite unable to go to work," Carrie thought. "And what if I am sacked (fired) and have to hunt (look) for a job again?" She shuddered at the thought. 3. Carrie was a pretty girl, and always attracted attention. However, she could not afford to dress well, and she lacked good manners. 4. One day she got acquainted with a young man. He was well dressed and made a deep impression on her. He promised to get in touch with her as soon as he was back from a business trip. 5. Two weeks had passed and Carrie had had no message from him yet. "I wish I could see him soon," thought Carrie. 6. At last the welcome letter came. With trembling hands she opened the envelope. 7.'Drouet suggested that Carrie should leavs her sister and rent a room. He was ready to pay all the expenses until Carrie found suitable work. 8. Carrie hesitated for a while, but then she accepted his help. 9. Carrie lacked the courage to tell her sister that she was leaving her, and she wrote her a note. 10. When Minnie read the note, she burst into tears. "I'm to blame for what has happened. We ought to have treated her with more consideration. Poor Carrie!" 11. "You are blame for anything (it's not your fault)," her husband said to her. "We did all we could for her". 12. After Avis had spoken to the lawyer and the witnesses who gave evidence at the trial she understood that Ernest was right. Jackson was in no way to blame and should


have got damages. He had lost the case as the company employed efficient lawyers who knew which side their bread was buttered on. 13. Everhard had no doubt that Colonel Ingram was good at cross-examination, and that Jackson was unable to prove that right was on his side. 14. He had bad luck. The bus broke down and he missed the last train.

Revision I

Ex. IX, p. 164


1. At noon, more dead than alive, David reached the outskirts of Dover. He felt faint (weak and faint) with hunger and fatigue. No wonder, he had been walking to Dover a whole week.

Before he started his search for his aunt (started looking for his aunt),, Miss Betsy Trotwood, David decided to have a rest (to rest a bit) and wait till it grew cooler. As he sat in the shade of a large tree he thought of his future. "And what (what shall 1 do) if my aunt does not allow me to stay (let me stay) with her? And what if she sends me back to Mr. Murdstone?" This thought drove him to despair.

2. When he came to the town he began to ask passers-by if they knew where Miss Betsy Trotwood lived, but everybody took him for a beggar and refused to talk to him. David had been wandering about the streets of the town for a long time when at last he came to a garden gate (he stopped before a garden gate). A woman was working in the garden. On seeing David she cried: "Go away, boy! I don't want any beggars here!"

David did not move. He had a feeling that he had found the right person (the very person) who would be able to help him. "I'm looking for Miss Betsy Trotwood, but nobody knows where she lives ... I've lost all hope of ever seeing her ..."

The woman stopped her work (working) and came up to David. "What do you want Miss Betsy for? She does not like boys," the woman said staring so hard at David that he felt ill at ease. "I'm David Copperfield, I have run away from home, they have treated me so badly there, I ..." and David burst into tears.

What happened then surpassed all David's expectations. He had hardly uttered these words when Miss Betsy Trotwood, for it was none other than her, gripped David by the collar and David felt himself being dragged somewhere.

3. David must have fainted from nervous excitement for when he came to he found himself lying on a couch in a very light room.

The next morning when David woke up it took him a long time to understand where he was. He sat up in bed and looked around. "Where am I? Can I be imagining all this?" He got hurriedly up, went .over to the door and.listened. He heard the already familiar voice. Now he remembered what had happened to him. He had run away from the Murdstones and found his aunt.


1. I had been wandering about London for a few hours already, hungry and miserable, when my attention was attracted to a window of a restaurant. I could not help stopping in front of it. "I wish I could go in and have a good dinner," I .thought, looking, at the delicious things displayed in the window. But I could not afford even a cup of coffee!

2. Suddenly I felt I was being watched (somebody was watching me). I looked around and saw a tall, grey-haired man who looked like a manservant. He came over to me and. said, pointing to the house next to the restaurant. "Would you mind coming up to the second floor with me?"

3. As I walked up the stairs after him I could not help wondering what it was all about (what it all meant). I was shown into a richly-furnished dining-room where two gentlemen were having breakfast. I at once felt faint with hunger. I stared at the foodi hoping that they would give rne something to eat, but the gentlemen had no intention of sharing their breakfast with me!

However, they shook hands with me and asked my name and my occupation. They seemed to like my answers and one of them said: "We have-decided to offer


you a job. We won't go into details. "This letter explains everything. I can only say that if you don't live up to my hopes I'll lose my bet."

4. I was given a large envelope (a large envelope was handed over to me) and I had no time to recover from my amazement when the servant showed me to the front door, and I again found myself in the street. I was choking with indignation. "I won't have anybody treating me like this! What do they want from (of) me? I don't want to be mixed up in any affair! If I had known that it would end like that I would never have gone there ... I shouldn't have taken the envelope either ... 1 wonder what's there in it ..."


1. By one o'clock Mrs. Hall's visitor had rung the bell several times demanding breakfast. But Mrs. Hall did not pay any attention to his calls. She had made up her mind not to give him anything to eat until he had paid his bill. He had fallen behind again.

2. "1 wish I could get rid of him," she said to her neighbour. His strange behaviour gets on my nerves. The other day I made inquiries about him, but nobody knows where he lived before he came to Iping."

3. At a quarter past one Mrs. Hall heard her new lodger's bell again. Taking his bill she said: "I'll go and speak to him (have the matter out), I must settle the question once and for all."

"Excuse me, sir. Did you ring?" - "Yes, I'm hungry (I'm starving). I've been waiting for breakfast all morning. You must have forgotten about me." - "Not at all, I think you have forgotten that bills should be paid in time. I'm very sorry that I gave you the best room in my inn ..."

The stranger quickly came over to her. "I won't have you talking to me like .this. You don't know who I am ... I ... I'm a scientist ..."

4. But Mrs. Hall was not frightened this time. She said: "I have no doubt that you're a brilliant scientist, but I need my money. I can't afford to keep you for nothing, I'll be ruined. I insist that you pay at once. Here is your bill," Mrs. Hall held it out to him without looking at him. - "And here's your money," said the stranger. Mrs. Hall looked up. The next moment she nearly fainted. There was a headless man standing in front of her!

5. "God!" screamed Mrs. Hall, trembling with fear., She wanted to call for help but she could not utter a word. She tried to pull herself together. She straightened up and took a deep breath, but it did not help. Then she felt herself being pushed (that she A'as being pushed) towards the door.

When she came to, she saw that she was again standing in the passage in front of the door of the stranger's room. "I can't have dreamt all that. Can the rumours about an Invisible Man really be true?" she whispered. It took her a long time to come to herself again.


1. Crane was slowly riding through the forest with his head down. He was in low spirits. Katrina had again refused to talk to him. And he had gone to the party with the intention of proposing to her! "Can she be in love with Brom?" he thought. It took him a long time to calm down.

The night was dark. There was nobody to be seen around. The silence began to tell on Crane's nerves. Crane had never felt so lonely!

2. As he rode (was riding) through the dark forest, the legend of the headless horseman came back to him (he remembered the legend of the headless horseman). He had heard the legend at a party given by Katrina's father. It was none other than Brom who had told the story. "And what if it is (were) true?" He was panic-stricken.

3. Suddenly the silence of the night was broken by a strange noise. Crane looked up (raised his head) and saw a headless horseman facing him. Crane nearly fainted. "Who are you?" he asked in a trembling voice. - "The man who has long been waiting for a chance to take his revenge on you (looking forward to the day when he will be able to. take his revenge on you) ..."

4. Brom burst into silent laughter when he saw Crane galloping away. "Bet he'll never return to ihe village," Brom said, very pleased with his joke.


5. Whenever Brom was asked whether he knew what had happened to the teacher he would stick (stuck) to his story which was that he had seen the headless horseman carrying the poor teacher away. Nobody doubted the truth of the story as Crane was never after seen in the village.


1. "I'll tell you how once we kidnapped Johnny, the son of a rich farmer in 'the hope of getting a big ransom for him. We had long been thinking of buying a small tavern, but we were short of money. We needed another thousand dollars. It was then that an idea of genius occurred to Bill. He suggested kidnapping a rich farmer's son and demanding a big ransom for him. At first I welcomed the idea, but then ... Oh, well, let me tell you everything in detail (every little detail).

2. We took Johnny to a cave in the mountains where we had prepared to hide him. But after less than an hour we realized what a silly thing we had done (an hour had not passed before we realized ...). Johnny was a regular devil. He scared us with terrible cries, played cruel jokes on us and did not give us a minute's peace.

The first night Johnny kept bothering us with silly questions. "How long have you lived in this cave? Why are you staring at me, Bill? What's the matter with your eye, Sam? Did you have an accident? How did it happen? Are there many snakes here? Your cave needs (wants) whitewashing! Are you taking treatment (under treatment) for some illness, Sam? Why is your nose red? Have you got a cold? Do you want me to cure you of your running nose, Sam?" And so on and so forth. Naturally neither Sam nor I slept a wink (had a wink of sleep) that night.

3. In the morning I went to the village to make inquiries about Mr. Dorset and find out what was happening. To my surprise everything was quiet. Nothing disturbed the silence of the summer morning. The village seemed to be dozing in the sun. I saw neither the policeman nor Johnny's parents running to and fro in search of their lost son. "They have not yet discovered that the boy has disappeared. I'd better write a letter to Mr. Dorset and state our terms at once."

4. I must tell you that when we received a message from Mr. Dorset we were panic-stricken. The message ran: "I'm very sorry, gentlemen, but I can't accept your terms (agree to your terms). However, I suggest doing as follows (the following): if you bring me two hundred and fifty dollars, I'll agree to take the boy back. It would be better if you brought the boy late at night when my neighbours are fast asleep ... They may take it out on you if they see that you have brought the boy back ..."

5. The letter had such an effect on us that for a while we sat silent. Then Bill who had been driven to despair during these three days, said: "I wish we had not kidnapped this little devil! I'm the one who is to blame. I shouldn't have given you that advice. What a pity we shall have to part with the money we have been saving a whole year!"

6. In the evening Bill came and told Johnny that his father had bought him a rifle to hunt bears and would be waiting for him at home that night. "And will you bring me back?" Johnny asked, looking us up and down with suspicion. - "Certainly, certainly," I answered, trying to keep my presence of mind. I saw Bill shudder at the word.

7. We took every precaution to prevent Johnny from learning what we were going to do. If he had found out the truth he would have run away from us. Late that night we were through with the job, and in spite of the fact that we had lost our money we felt the happiest men on earth.


Unit Seven Ex. I (B), p. 177

1. Jackson had no hope of getting another job. 2. He had an unpleasant habit of interrupting people. 3. She had no intention of inviting him to her birthday party. 4. Mr. Cowlishaw ran the risk of ruining his career if he refused to do as Mrs. Clowes


wished. 5. He is the right person for me. 6. I am not familiar with the present state of affairs. 7. His refusal to give evidence was the main reason for their quarrel. 8. Avis grew up in a well-to-do family, she was an only child and, as she realized later, she knew nothing about life. 10. Sasha was the only boy in our group.

Ex. III (B), p. 178


1. The audience was carried away by the music. There was complete silence in the hall. Nobody dared to stir. 2. He hated to upset her and gave in though he was convinced that she was wrong. 3. He was given a month's notice. 4. The appearance of the Invisible Man in ping gave rise to a lot of rumours (to a great deal of talk). 5. I was given to understand that there was no hope of (my) getting the (that) job (filling the (that) vacancy). 6. He decided to do it at his own risk. 7. He gave me to understand that he did not trust me. 8. Don't give way to despair, things are not so bad as they seem. 9. There is no risk (danger) of (your) catching cold if you put on a warm coat. 10. Crane had many rivals and he could not hope to win Kat-rina's heart, but he wouldn't .(refused to) give in. 11. Mrs. Packletide flushed as if Miss Mebbin had caught her red-handed. 12. Mrs. Packletide did not dare to give Miss Mebbin notice, but she made up her mind never to confide in her again. 13. The expedition was caught in a heavy snowstorm and the geologists were forced to spend the night in a small hut on the bank of the river. 14. Her book report left much to be desired. 15. A book in a bright cover caught my eye. 16. After the quarrel he was unable to look her in the fa:e. 17. He dared not confide (he didn't dare to confide) his secrets to anybody. 18. On the face of it the consul's plan looked absolutely safe and the Kid agreed. 19. His mother went out to work (left for work) early in the morning and Johnny was left to himself the whole day. 20. Eliza could no longer control herself and gave way to tears. 21. Gregg made a favourable impression on Lautisse and the latter decided to take him into his confidence.


1. Loona Bimberton's popularity grew more and more every day and it got on Mrs. Packletide's nerves. However, she did not want anybody to think that she was jealous of Loona, therefore she made up her mind to give a luncheon-party in honour of her rival.

2. She had already appointed a (the) date for the occasion, but had not yet invited her guests, when it occurred to her that she too might (could) gain popularity if she had in her drawing-room the skin of a tiger she had shot with her own hands. She was so carried away by the idea, that she could not sleep peacefully. So she set out at once for India.

3. One day she was told that an old tiger had appeared on the outskirts of the local jungle (at the edge of the jungle)! He had abandoned big-game killing and confined his appetite to the smaller domestic animals. "I advise you to take the opportunity and shoot that tiger. Just try, it won't be much of a risk (you won't run much risk, if you try)," said Miss Mebbin, her paid companion. "The people in the village can arrange it.

4. Mrs. Packletide gladly agreed. But on the day of the shooting party the tiger disappeared. At any rate he was not to be found anywhere: Mrs. Packletide was annoyed.

Ex. VII. p. 182



Uncle Podger decided to put up the picture which had just been brought from the shop. His family tried to make him give up the idea (to talk him out of doing this). "Look here, Podger, you run the risk of breaking your neck if you do it, our kitchen ladder is old, it may break." But Uncle Podger would not listen. He was so carried away by the idea that there was no stopping him (nobody could stop him). • "All right, do it at your own risk, we aren't going to help you injure (hurt) yourself," said Aunt Ann. She wished she could give him a piece of her mind, but she


controlled herself. He was a difficult person to deal with. He always had his (own) way.

For a while Uncle Podger could not hammer in the nail (drive in the nail), but he stuck to it and wouldn't give in. Suddenly Aunt Ann gave a cry of alarm. The ladder gave way under Uncle Rodger's weight and he would have fallen if Aunt Ann had not come to his rescue.



1. Mr. and Mrs. Gregg invited Lautisse, a famous artist, to spend a week-end in their home out of town. It so happened that just for fun Lautisse painted their garden fence white. At the time the Greggs little knew what would come of it.

2. The next week an article appeared in one of the local newspapers stating that the famous French artist Lautisse had been staying at the Greggs'. The news gave rise to a lot of talk (caused a great deal of talk, caused a great sensation). It turned out (appeared) that Lautisse had never (in his life) used white paint; besides, he had not been heard of for quite a time. Crowds of newspapermen and reporters besieged Mr. Gregg's house. They took pictures of the fence, of the bucket, of the brush. They asked the Greggs all kinds of questions. Some of them demanded that the Greggs should immediately sell the fence. One of the reporters was quite unbearable. He hung about their house all day long and never left them in peace. Mrs. Gregg could not stand (endure) it any longer and gave way to tears. "How dare they interfere in our life!" she exclaimed.

Mr. Gregg was also furious. He wished he could give the reporter a piece of his mind, but he could not afford the luxury. "Look here, gentlemen, the work leaves much to be desired, anyone could have painted the fence like that," Mr. Gregg repeated again and again. But the reporters wouldn't give in. They kept saying that it was a real masterpiece.

3. "Don't give way to despair," said Gerston, their neighbour, when the Greggs confided their trouble to him. "Have your fence exhibited at some art gallery. It's not much of a risk, if you do it." On the face of it the idea seemed absurd. Was it not ridiculous to have a plain wooden fence on exhibition (on view) at an art gallery? Had the world gone mad? Yet, when Gerston gave them to understand that they might make a fortune out of it, thay agreed.

4. Strange as-it might seem the fence was accepted by the best gallery in the town. Mr. Gregg felt awfully uncomfortable when he saw the place the fence had been given in the main hall of the gallery. He blushed as if caught red-handed. He stood muttering, "I could have done a better job myself." When he looked up he caught Gerston's eye, and the latter could not help laughing.

Unit Eight Ex. II (B), p. 194

1. Before Erik began working at the University .he had changed many times from one job to another (he had had many different jobs). 2. Mr. Cowlishaw had not lived two days in the town before his first patient came to him. 3. Gordon had had a talk with his father before Enid saw him. 4. He had not talked for five minutes before I understood that he was very familiar with the problem. 5. I think he got our telegram before he and his family started off for the coast. 6. We had not gone two miles before the ruins of a castle appeared on the horizon. 7. Before Mr. Drake went to the Thayers, he left a telegram with Irene, the secretary of his publishers. 8. He rushed to the door (only) to discover that it was closed. 9. The next day the children woke up to see that it was snowing.

Ex. IV (B), p. 195

I. "You've get to draw the line somewhere. You can't let her always-have her way." 2. Enid hoped that she would get used (accustomed) to the new place in the long run. 3. Enid put up with many things in the family but she felt that her


patience was running out. She was annoyed to see Gordon running his father's errands. Gordon was able to run the business himself, without his father's help. 4. Enid felt that things at home were becoming more and more complicated. She was constantly being accused of neglecting her duties. She could hardly control herself. 5. She realized that as things stood then it would be useless to try to have her own way. 6. That day she did not feel like working. 7. She looked at herself in the mirror. She looked run-down. 8. Enid went to the station alone. She hoped that her decisive step would bring Gordon to his senses. But her action made things worse. 9. Mrs. Packletide went out of her way to gain popularity. 10. It was only Miss Mebbin who knew the secret that lay behind Mrs. Packletide's popularity and she made the most of her advantage. 11. "He seems to be talking sense," thought Professor Cunningham. 12. It was just like Ernest not to hesitate to express his likes and dislikes. 13. Her time was running out, and yet she had not told him the most important thing. 14. The latest exhibition of modern painting drew big crowds (a lot of people). 15. Lionel was so agitated that at first he could not make out what was written in the note. 16. There is nothing like a cup of hot strong tea when one feels tired. 17. "Look here, gentlemen," said Mr. Gregg. "What you suggest doesn't make any sense. Who would want (wish) to see a plain wooden fence in an art gallery?" 18. Мог jumped up from his seat and made for the door. 19. The Kid was in no hurry to keep (carry out) his promise and Thacker decided to have it out with him. "I'd like to know where we stand," said Thacker, looking the Kid up and down. "When are you going to keep your promise? Why are you so slow in doing it?" 20. Now that Martin was quite well again, he worked from morning till night to make up for lost time. 21. Alice stood by Jane in all her troubles. 22. I saw her in the street now and then, but she never greeted me. 23. He was startled at the news.

Ex. IX (B), p. 199

I. Rip was a kind fellow, but he was very lazy. He never felt like working on his farm, though he would willingly help his neighbours. This couldn't help but annoy his wife. "1 must draw the line somewhere. He's becoming unbearable," she kept repeating to herself. 2. Though Rip never argued with her, he felt his patience was running out. It annoyed him when she did not let him go his own way. 3. "I wish I could go to the mountains and rest up there for a while (time). I am certainly running the risk of being severely scolded, but I don'tcare," thought Rip. He was so carried away by the idea that he forgot all about his worries (troubles) for a while. He was looking forward to seeing his dream come true. 4. That morning Rip woke up very early. The sun had not yet risen. Rip slipped out of the house, took his rifle, called his dog and started off (set out). For about a mile the path ran through a rye-field, and then turned to the left up into the mountains. As the sun rose higher and higher, everything seemed to become alive. Rip enjoyed his freedom, trying to make the most of it. 5. Rip was climbing up a slope when he heard somebody call (calling) him. He turned round and saw a strange little man with a keg of wine on his shoulders. He was making signs to Rip that he should stop and help him with his load. A cold shiver ran down Rip's spine. "I shouldn't have come up into the mountains alone." He remembered one of the villagers telling him, "This year strange things have been happening in the mountains. If I were you I'd never go up there alone ..." Rip was terribly frightened. However, when he caught the strange man's eye, his fear gave way to curiosity.

Unit Nine

Ex. Ill (B), p. 212

1. He can't have left without appointing a date for our meeting. 2. He refused to accept the offer without explaining the reasons for his refusal. 3. Not knowing how to explain everything to Grace, the young man decided net to resume the conversation. 4. Mr. Cowlishaw sat in the armchair dozing over the pages of the Iccal newspaper. 5. The boy ran out of the room, overturning a chair on his way (in his flight, as he ran). 6. Try to explain this to him without hurting his feelings. 7. "It must be past midnight. There's not a light in ine village," said Tom. 8. "There's not a chance


of buying anything on credit in their shop," said Mrs. Ridley. 9. There's not a word of truth in your story. 10. I can't believe that there was once a beautiful city here. There's not a sign of life in the whole valley.

Ex. IV (B), p. 212

1. Gazing out of the window she caught a glimpse of a stranger who on seeing her quickly disappeared among the bushes. 2. For a long time Enid could not get accustomed to the Days' way of life. 3. Enid was groping (groped) for the right words to explain what had happened. 4. Suddenly the light in the corridor went out and he had to grope for the door. 5. "You look run down. Have you been working too hard?" 6. "You shouldn't turn up your nose at your old friends, Eliza," said Higgins. 7. When he lived in the hostel he was accustomed to doing everything himself. 8. Mr. Doolittle's hair was turning grey, and he had to have it dyed in order not to lose his job. 9. If Mr. Bartle had decided to stay with the Parkers for a few days, Robert would have had to share his room with his brother. 10. Having finished reading the book she sat in silence for a while. The story had stirred her; it reminded her of her childhood. 11. Now that Marvel was the only possessor of the Invisible Man's mysterious manuscripts he took every precaution to prevent anybody from learning where they were. 12. Every day after making sure that ths doors were securely locked, Marvel would take out (took out) the books and read them. He usually sat up late (would sit up late), trying to make out what was written there. He never shared his secret with anyone. 13. Marvel dreamed of becoming invisible. The very thought of it took his breath away. 14. When he reached the fourth floor, Mr. Clegg stopped to take (get his) breath. 15. He was out of breath when he reached the top of the hill (got to the top of ...). 16. Simon held his breath when he heard voices behind the partition. One of them was familiar. 17. Be sure and call on us before you are (set) off (start) for the seaside. 18. I could hardly recognize my mother, she had become very thin. She hadn't (didn't have) enough strength even to sit up in bed. 19. Sit up straight! 20. The child was running a high temperature and mother sat up all night looking after it. 21. You say she has left Moscow? Do you know that (it) for sure?

Ex VI (B), p. 213.

1. She was always ready to share my troubles and worries. 2. The money was divided into two equal parts. 3. He gladly shared his knowledge and experience with his comrades. 4. May I share your table? 5. Divide the number by 5. How much is it? 6. He shared his dinner with me. 7. There was a glass partition in the room which divided it into two (parts). 8. Do you recognize me? We shared a room last summer at the "Sadko" hotel. 9. I don't share your opinion on the matter. 10. She had a feeling that he wanted very much to share his secret with her.

p. 218


В. Шекспир

Кто хвалится родством своим со знатью,
Кто силой, кто блестящим галуном,
Кто кошельком, кто пряжками на платье,
Кто соколом, собакой, скакуном.

Есть у людей различные пристрастья,
Но каждому милей всего одно.
А у меня особенное счастье, -
В нем остальное все заключено.

Твоя любовь, мой друг, дороже клада,
Почетнее короны королей,
Наряднее богатого наряда,
Охоты соколиной веселей.

Ты можешь все отнять, чем я владею,
И в этот миг я сразу обеднею.

(Перевод С, Маршака)


Revision (Units 7-9), p.219

Ex. I, p. 219


1. Mrs. Packletide was annoyed to learn that she had hit the wrong animal. 2. A few days later Louisa, her paid companion, said: "I was offered a country house today. It is small but very cozy. I've been dreaming of (longing to have) such a house (a house like that) for a long time. But unfortunately I haven't the money at the moment (I'm short of money, I've run out of money). 3. Airs. Packletide understood at once what Louisa was driving at (took the hint at once). She knew very well that if she refused to give Miss Mebbin the necessary sum of money her paid companion would immediately give her away and everybody would laugh at her. "I've got to draw the line somewhere. I should have parted with hsr long ago. But as things stand now I'd better do as she asks me (to). It will save me a lot of unpleasant minutes (a lot of trouble) in the future. But I shall not confide in her in future." Thought after thought went rushing through her mind. 4. Miss Mebbin looked as if she were enjoyingth; scene (seemed to be enjoying the scene). Shj understood that Mrs. Packletide had no alternative (no way out). Miss Mebbin had learned quite a lot while travelling with Mrs. Packletide, she therefore knew how to deal with such people and was able to make the most of her position.


1. Old Day was never rude to Enid, but the way he treated her left much to be desired. He was annoyed to see that Enid wanted to have her own way (he felt annoyed when she tried to go her own way). She was always given to understand that she must know her place. 2. Very often Enid gave way to despair. She had nobody to share her trouble with. She was lonely. If Enid had not loved Gordon she might (would) have left the village long ago, but she never lost hope that Gordon would change his attitude towards her. 3. Sometimes Enid thought of having it out with Gordon, but she was afraid that this would make things worse in the household. She wished Gordon would say, "Well, Enid, you can (may) have it your own way!" But she understood that as things stood then, this would never happen. 4. That is how matters stood when Enid finally decided (made up her mind) to have her own way. 5. That day she snatched a minute to think about the forthcoming trip down to the seaside. 6. She was deeply hurt to hear that again Gordon had obeyed his father and put off the trip. She took a look at the clock. The bus was due in twenty minutes. She had time to catch it. 7. When she was in the bus she felt miserable. But she had been unable to act (couldn't have acted) differently. She hoped that-her resolute step would bring Gordon to his senses. "Perhaps he'll change and turn over a new leaf," she kept saying, trying to calm herself. She was mistaken. Gordon was very much like his father. Lust for money ran in their family. 8. Having read (after reading) his wife's note, Gordon exclaimed, "I never thought she was capable of acting like that. I've got to (must, I'll have to) have it out with her." 9. On receiving the telegram Enid thought that she had done her husband an injustice. Now she would be unable to look him in the face. 10. However, when she saw old Day in the doorway, her feeling of guilt gave way to anger. She wished she could slam the door right in his face, but she did not dare.

Ex. II, p. 220


1. "I suggest you (should) go to the country and stay at Mrs. Sappleton's for a while. They are a very nice family. I had a wonderful time there last summer," Mrs. Nattel said to her younger brother, a very nervous young man. Framton agreed, though he did not at all feel like going to the country.

2. It so happened that when he arrived, Mrs. Sappleton was busy in the kitchen and he was met (welcomed) by Vera, her niece, a very resolute young .person. Vera was 15 years old and she was fond of making up unusual stories which often scared her aunt's acquaintances.


3. Framton took to the girl at once, but when she started telling him about the tragic death of her aunt's husband, and her younger brother and their spaniel, he was sorry that he had allowed himself to be talked into going to stay with the family. His anxiety gave way to horror when Vera came out with all the details of the tragic story (went into details).

4. "They went there at their own risk," Vera continued. "You know, last summer it often rained and it was dangerous to go hunting in the local marshes here. No matter how hard my aunt tried to persuade them to give up the idea of going out shooting that day, they wouldn't hear of it. They kept saying that they knew the way very well and there was no risk of getting stuck in the marshes ... But ... they did not come back ..."

Vera gave a heavy sigh. "If they had taken my aunt's advice nothing of the kind would have happened. It is exactly a year today since the tragic event and my aunt still expects them to come back ..." Vera was so carried away by her story that she did not see that Mr. Nuttel was on the point of fainting.

6. Suddenly a dog began to bark in the garden and to his horror Framton caught a glimpse of two figures among the trees. At the same moment Mrs. Sappleton came into the room. "Good afternoon, Mr. Nuttel! I'm very glad to see you," she said, cheerfully, holding out her hand. Then she glanced towards the window. "Well, that's'fine, dinner's ready and our men are returning from their day's shooting." A cold shiver ran down Mr. Nuttel's spine. He gave a startled cry and rushed out of the room. "What's happened to him?" exclaimed Mrs. Sappleton in astonishment. "Vera, what did you tell him? He looked so scared. You've got to draw the line, and stop telling hair-raising stories. Nothing good will come of it. People will stop coming to see us ... Vera answered as if nothing had happened that it was not her fault. "Our spaniel must have frightened him. Mr. Nuttel told me that he was mortally afraid of dogs ..."

Unit Eleven

Ex. I (B), p. 237

I. The shooting party had taken their places and were impatiently waiting for the tiger to appear. 2. The news of Mrs. Packletide's shoot had spread far and wide and she was enjoying the attention of the press. 3. Miss Mebbin had bought a pretty weekend cottage and was (now) inviting her friends to spend weekends with her. 4. Enid had packed the suit-cases and was waiting for her husband to come home. 5. Gordon had sold their house and now he and his wife were living with his parents. 6. The young man came out of the book-store (shop) and stopped at the corner of the street. 7. "You'll have to hurry, unless you wish (want) to miss your train and spend the night at the station," Pat said in a grim voice. 8. "I warn you that you won't get anything at my shop unless you pay cash," said Mr. Day. 9. He's certain to come unless something unexpected happens. 10. After the guests left (had left) Professor Cunningham told his daughter how he had come (had happened) to meet Ernest. 11. After Avis had talked with Jackson, she went to his lawyer. 12. He accepted the offer only after he had discussed (discussing) it with his father. 13. He entered the institute shortly after he returned (had returned) from the front.

Ex. Ill (B), p. 238

1. Mr. Higgins asked Mrs. Pearce to take charge of Eliza's clothes. 2. "You're too quick to take offence, Enid," said Gordon. 3. None of Mrs. Packletide's friends were taken in by her story. They knew her too well. 4. Henry did not take his friends' jokes too much to heart, and (so) they soon left him in peace. 5. Thacker and the Kid soon came to an understanding (it did not take Thacker and the Kid long toicome to an understanding). 6. Mrs. Higgins must have taken to Eliza as she did her best to help her. 7. I'll be home all day; come round if you have time. 8. While the Colonel read (was reading) the document the girl made (worked) her way to the exit and disappeared. 9. The medicine which Aunt Polly gave Tom worked wonders. 10. Annie and her brother took to the wounded English pilot from the first day. 11. Annie Dykers's plan worked well -г- nobody doubted the existence of Spitfire Johnny.; 12.."If.Spitfire Johnny were alive he would have attended the meeting," said Ritten.


Unit Twelve

Ex. VIII, p. 258

1. After talking with (to) Harling, the correspondent went to Annie Dykers's farm. 2. After spending several days at the Thayers', Ben announced that he had to return to New York. 3. On seeing his father, the young man turned to Grace and said, "Let's go now. There's not a breath of air in here." 4. Before going to bed John used to come to his parents' room and tell (told) them how he had spent the day. 5. After examining the boy from head to foot, Mr. Dick said, "He has run away from home, hasn't he?" 6. On entering the room Ernest noticed that there were some people among the guests whom he had already met. 7. After reading your letter through (from beginning to end) several times I saw that there was not a word (wasn't a single word) of truth in it. 8. Erik told Professor Fox how he had gone from town to town in search of a job (looking for a job).

Ex. XIII, p. 260

1. The Marriage of Figaro caused a sensation in Prague. Everybody desired to meet Herr Mozart. Count Thun who prided himself on his musical taste, said to Wolfgang, "It is the most remarkable thing that has happened in Prague since I arrived here." He welcomed the Mozarts warmly and gave them rooms in his palace. There was much space and comfort in their apartment and they wanted to rest and enjoy it, but their host had many plans for his honored guests.

2. At the ball that evening Wolfgang was the centre of attention. Applause greeted his entrance.'Many beautiful young \vomen desired to dance with the celebrated composer. Everybody talked] of nothing but Figaro. Nothing else was of interest. Count Thun introduced him to Signer Bondini, the impresario of the National Theatre of Prague who had produced Figaro. Bondini cried out, "There is no opera in the world like Figaro, Herr Mozart! It has saved our theatre. And it was composed by a German, too. Fantastic!" Wolfgang bowed. He was pleased, but a little amused by his words.

3. Wherever Wolfgang went in Prague, people spoke only about Figaro. Nothing was performed, sung or whistled but tunes from his opera. He learned that Figaro had run through the winter without interruption, and had rescued the National Theatre from ruin.

One day Wolfgang sat in a city park and listened to a blind harpist playingmel-odies from Figaro. When he gave the wandering harp player a gulden, he was told, "It is too much. The beggar won't aprreciate your generosity." But Wolfgang smiled bitterly to himself: he knew only too well what it meant to be underpaid. Figaro's success had not brought him one kreutzer so far.

p. 264


В. Шекспир

Тот, у кого нет музыки в душе,
Кого не тронут сладкие созвучья,
Способен на грабеж, измену, хитрость;
Темны, как ночь, души его движения
Не верь такому, -

(Перевод Т. А. Щепкиной-Куперник)

Unit Thirteen

Ex. Vlll, p. 271

1. The Pushkin Fine Arts Museum has extensive conbcts and exchange programmes with the largest museums in th. USA and Great Britain - the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Gallery, etc. 2. Are you sure it is a Rembrandt? - Yes, I am. It is not the original, but a copy. The original is in the Hermitage. 3. Mozart's opera Don Giovanni was staged (performed) for the first time at the National


Theatre of Prague. 4. If you chance to come (if you should come) to Leningrad, you must certainly go to the Russian Museum. 5. Where is this film showing? - At the "Progress", I believe. 6. While Wolfgang put (was putting) down the overture, Constanze told him funny stories to keep him awake. 7. Da Ponte was interested mainly in the plot, while (whereas) Mozart stressed the characters and their emotions. 8. He didn't say a word while the orchestra played (was playing) melodies from his new opera. 9. While Auguste saarched (was searching) for an empty canvas, someone stole his box of paints. 10. While the boy was washing (washed) his hands, his sister laid (set) the table.

Ex. XIII, p. 273


Auguste, when he heard that there was soon to be an exhibition, decided to do a bust, or rather a head, and send it to the Salon. He did not have his own studio, he had no money for plaster and marble, he could not afford (to hire) a model, but the thought that he had an opportunity to take part in an exhibition fired his imagination (fired him with enthusiasm). He was determined to overcome all difficulties.

Auguste would have liked to do a handsome male head but the only person who agreed to sit for him in return for a bowl of soup and a glass of wine was Bibi, an old drunkard with a broken nose. At first Bibi struck Auguste as hideous and it was hard for him to concentrate. However, after Auguste had torn up dozens of sketches, his design (idea) began to take shape. And once he had the clay in his hands, there was no stopping (him). Bibi's ugliness didn't seem to matter any more. Auguste worked (laboured) day and night; he lost track of time. While he worked, nothing else existed.

A week before the exhibition was to open, the head was not yet ready. Suddenly Bibi disappeared. Auguste was in despair. Now that there remained only some finishing touches to be done, he needed the model most. Auguste didn't want to do the head from memory, he was afraid it would become false and sentimental. But there was no alternative and Auguste continued to work.

Several days later Bibi appeared in the studio, but he was too drunk to sit (pose). He blankly stared at Auguste, while the latter tried to sit him in a corner and prop Wm up by (with) an easel. To keep him awake, Auguste made some coffee. On gulping down .(after swallowing) two cups of the scorching liquid, Bibi revived and sat up on the chair. "This might (may) last only a few minutes," Auguste thought. He saw (knew) that his doubts were right - he had failed to capture what he had found so striking about Bibi's face. He destroyed everything but the chin, and began to model all over again.

When the exhibition opened, Auguste was still doing over the head of "the man with a broken nose".

Revision (Units 11-13), p. 277 Ex. I, p. 277


1. The Colonel first heard the story of Spitfire Johnny, an English pilot, when he was attending a.conference of Resistance leaders. 2. The Colonel was not to be taken in by the incredible story about the exploits of the mysterious Spitfire Johnny. 3 "What you have told me comes to this: Spitfire Johnny fought against the enemy for a year was in charge of a Resistance group, but nobody can tell me what he looked like Why he must have been an invisible man!" 4. The Colonel was determined to solve the mystery of Spitfire Johnny. 5. But the mystery did not prove easy to solve A month passed, and the Colonel's efforts had still come to nothing. He only knew that Spitfire Johnny was listed among the missing. 6. However, after the talk with Hading, a Resistance fighter, the Colonel took heart. His explanation of the mystery began to take shape. 7. Now he had important facts at his disposal. There was only one link missing in .the story. 8. Fired with the desire to get at the


truth at last, the Colonel started for the Dykers's farm. 9. Seeing the Colonel, Annie , and her brother stopped working and came over to greet him. 10. While Annie was ' free and easy in her manner, her brother seemed to ba slightly put out by the stranger's visit. The Colonel felt a certain guardedness in his attitude but he put it down to the boy's youth. Jan was no more than sixteen or seventeen. 11. A few minutes later they entered the farmhouse and Annie began to tell the Colonel the story of Spitfire Johnny while her brother sat in an armchair, silently observing the visitor. 12. Th3 Colonel had guessed long before that Spitfire Johnny was an invention of Annie and her brother's but he didn't have the heart to interrupt the girl's story. He couldn't help but admire the courage of the young patriots.


1. The singers of the National Theatre in Prague were not so brilliant as thosa in Vienna, but Mozart had to put up with that. 2. He made many changes in the arias to adjust the music to the voices of the singers. 3. There were only a few hours left before the opera was to b:gin and the overture had not been copied yet. Bondini was furious: "We'll have to ca icel th; performance. All my efforts have come to nothing," hz said. 4. Wolfgang was very nervous before the performance. He always took a failure very much to heart. 5. But the moment the orchestra began to play, Wolfgang forgot his fears. The unrehearsed overture went off well. 6. Bondini was delighted with the success of Mozart's new opera. "His music can work wonders!" he said to his friends.


1. Fired with the desire to get into the Academy of Fine Arts, Auguste began regularly to attend classes at the Petite Ecole. 2. Lecoq took to Auguste at once. He saw that the youth was talented (had talent) and was anxious to learn. 3. Au-guste's father was strongly against his passion for drawing. "You mustn't take up art," he said to his son. "Nothing will come of it. Come to your senses before it.s too late. 4. One day the paints which Aufjuste had got with such difficulty were stolen from him and he stopped attending the painting class. 5. Constant failure began to tell on Auguste. He was losing heart.Lecoq was seriously concerned about it (about him). 6. One day Auguste was sent to the sculpture room. The few hours he spent there worked wonders. He took heart again - now he knew he would never give up art. He felt he was born a sculptor.

Revision II

Ex. VIII, p. 294


1. Finally the three of them rose and made for Mr. Green's house. Mr. Letts. Telt uncomfortable (ill at ease). He doubted whether he should have fallen in with Mrs. Green's scheme at all. "I wish I knew where I stood," he thought.

"I'm so glad that my brother has been found," said Betsy happily. "Now I have somebody to confide my troubles to." - "Yes," said Mrs. Green, with a sigh of relief, "now we have somebody who will always be a good friend (a support) to us." She caught Mr. Letts's eye and the latter said promptly: "Don't worry, Mother. Now' that I've come back home, things will be different. I'll always stand by you. It's-a shame how Green has been treating you all these years!" :

2. Mr. Green gave Mr. Letls a cold welcome, but the latter did not seem to take offence (to take it too much to heart, to be hurt by that). He did not even try to make a good impression on Mr. Green.

3. Though Mr. Green doubted the truth of his wife's story he was obliged to give (had no choice but to give) Mr. Letts the best room in the house. At supper Mr. Green asked him question after question, trying to confuse him: "How did you happen to get to our town? What prevented you from coming home earlier? What have you been doing all this time? You didn't write a single letter to your mother.' Why didn't 'you? You can't have forgotten the address ..."

Mrs. Gre;n interrupted her husband: "He lost his memory (his memory failed


him) after he was shipwrecked. He has been having treatment (under treatment) all this time. Now he's better." But Mr. Green was not to be convinced like this. He felt there was something up. "I don't believe a single word ... He does not look as if he'd been ill all those years." Mr. Letts rose. He said he was very tired, he had not had a wink of sleep (had not slept a wink) for three nights, but he would gladly talk to his stepfather when he had had a good rest.

4. The next morning Mr. Green said to Mr. Letts: "Why don't you go somewhere else and hunt for a job? There are a lot of unemployed in our town." - "I'd rather not go anywhere yet," answered Mr. Letts. "As things stand now, I don't want to leave my sister and my mother, I can't neglect my duties towards them."

5. Mr. Green decided to make inquiries about the young man. A week later he got an answer. No wonder he flew into a rage when he learned the truth. "What a fool 1 am to be taken in by this improbable story!" He rushed home to turn the imposter out, but it was too late. Mr. Letts had married Betsy that very day:


1. As you remember, Rip met a very strange little man in the mountains. For a while he stared at the strange man, unable to utter a word. "Who are you? What do you want with me?" he said at last.The little man seemed to pay no attention (did not seem to pay the least attention) to the questions. He told Rip to come up to him and take the keg of wine from him. Though Rip was no coward, he could not help trembling with fear. He could do nothing but obey the stranger (had no choice but to obey the stranger).

2. They had been walking for an hour and a half when they saw a group of strange little men playing ninepins. On seeing the keg of wine the strange little men at once stopped their game and ran towards Rip. A few minutes later all of them were sitting around the keg enjoying the wine, which appeared to be excellent. Rip also took some. Very soon, however, Rip felt sleepy. His head began to nod and he fell into a deep sleep.

3. When Rip awoke (woke up), it was a bright sunny morning. For a long time he could not understand where he was and what had happened to him. "I can't have dreamed it all! Where are these strange little men? I'd better go home before they come back."

4. As he walked through the village he could not help wondering at the changes which had taken place in his absence. "What does it all mean? Can I still be sleeping?"

5. Rip's clothes attracted the attention of everybody in the village. He saw that he was being looked at with curiosity and wonder. Nobody seemed to recognize him. Near a house which very much resembled his own house (looked exactly like his own house) he saw a nice-looking young woman with a child in her arms. "What has happened to my relatives? Where's my house? Where are my friends?" Rip nearly fainted when he learned that he had slept more than twenty years.


1. John Perkins sat by the window staring into space. His cigarette had long gone oyt, buthe did not stir. Only now did he realize that he had treated Kate badly all these years." "I wish I hadn't left her alone every evening. She must have been suffering all the time, but she never complained. I've got to turn over a new leaf and make up for my mistake. When she comes back things will be different." He felt as if he had not seen ber for ages, though only a few hours had passed since she had left. '-...'

2. John gave a startled cry when the door was flung open and his wife walked hurriedly in. He stared at her as if he had seen (saw) a ghost. He had not expected her to turn up so soon.

"John, dear, I'm so glad to be home again!" said Kate cheerfully. "What have you been doing all this time? Have you had your supper? You must have been astonished to see the flat in such terrible disorder. If I had bad more time I would certainly have tidied it up (cleaned the flat). DJdjypu read my note? You know that Mother has been taken ill. I got the telegram soon after you left for work. 1 had to hurry


to catch the 9 o'clock train. Fortunately Mother felt (was) much better by the time I arrived. Of course, she was glad to see me, but she didn't want me to stay in the village for her sake. "They needn't have sent you that telegram. They should not have worried (troubled) you," she said. "And please don't treat me as a sick person, I'll soon get well again."

"I tried to convince her that my presence would do her a lot of good, but she insisted on my taking the next train back."

3. There was a silence in the room. By this time John had recovered from his astonishment. He sprang to his feet and said: "Oh,it's fine you've comebackso soon... Would you like a cup of coffee?" But then John glanced at his watch. It showed a quarter to eight. "It can't be as late as that! I should have left the house at seven. The chaps must be waiting for me ..." He reached for his hat and said, as if nothing had happened: "Sorry, but I must be off (must be going). I'm three quarters of an hour late already. They must have lost all hope of ever seeing me today ... They must be wondering what has happened to me ... I wouldn't go if I hadn't promised the chaps I'd come ..." He was groping for words, "One should keep one's promises, shouldn't one?"

4. Kate had never been cross with John and she had always forgiven him everything. But this time she felt her patience was running out. "I must make him draw the line somewhere," she said to herself. "Why should he always have it his own way? Tomorrow I'll have it out with him."


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